In 2006, the Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), the Queensland Government, and the Collaborating Partners committed over $14M to the creation of a Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observing System (GBROOS) as the Queensland Node of IMOS. In 2007, the first data streams from moored instruments were placed in the national archive and the entire allocated infrastructure was in place by 2009. That same year, the IMOS Board enhanced GBROOS with several new capabilities (ocean gliders, acoustic receivers, pCO2/pH sensors) and funded a National Reference Station (NRS) in South East Queensland. Following this expansion beyond the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, the Node was rebranded as Queensland's Integrated Marine Observing System (Q-IMOS).
The Q-IMOS Node Science and implementation Plan (NSIP) is based on understanding the impacts of ocean variability in the Coral Sea upon the condition and productivity of shelf ecosystems along the east coast of Queensland, with a current focus on the section of the continental shelf influenced by the southerly-flowing East Australian Current (EAC). This region includes the southern half of the iconic Great Barrier Reef (GBR), the majority of Queensland’s commercial fisheries production, and the great majority of the State’s coastal population.